Sandstone is a type of sedimentary rock composed of mineral, rock, or organic particles of sand size that are bound together. It is a common type of rock found all over the world and is often used for construction materials as well as for decorative purposes.
Sandstone rocks can vary in color depending on the type and quantity of minerals present. They can range from white, yellow, and brown to red, purple, and green. The texture of sandstone can also vary, depending on the size and shape of the sand particles and the type of cementing material present.
Sandstone rocks can be classified into two main types: clastic and non-clastic. Clastic sandstone rocks are composed of sand-sized particles that have been transported and deposited by water, wind, or ice. On the other hand, non-clastic sandstones are formed from the deposition of dissolved mineral particles in water or the accumulation of organic materials.
One of the unique characteristics of sandstone is its porosity and permeability. Sandstone rocks can be highly porous, allowing water and other fluids to flow through them. This property makes them useful for storing groundwater and can also make them good reservoir rocks for oil and gas.