Perlite is a volcanic stone that ranges in color from gray to white. It is composed of several materials, including aluminum silicates, sodium, potassium, and crystallized water. The raw perlite is crushed and dried, then heated to a very high temperature of 900-1000 degrees Celsius. This causes it to expand as the hot air escapes, and the crystallized water inside rapidly evaporates, resulting in its volume increasing by 4 to 20 times its original size. Thus, we obtain lightweight, whitish-gray particles that contribute to improved agricultural germination processes.